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少儿英语动词固定搭配用法

来源:瑞思学科英语2017-09-18

   英语学习过程中,总会有各种各样的英语语法,这其中就有今天要谈到的动词固定搭配用法,今天瑞思学科英语资深教学名师,就来讲讲在少儿英语学习阶段,常用的 20个只接不定式的动词和只接动名词形式的动词固定搭配。
少儿英语语法,英语固定搭配
一. 只接不定式(不能接动名词)作宾语的20个常用动词

1. want to do sth. 想要做某事
I want to buy a new computer this afternoon.
我想今天下午买台新电脑。
 
2. would like to do sth. 想要做某事
I would like to invite you to come to my birthday party this Saturday.
我想邀请你这周六来我的聚会。
 
3. wish to do sth. 希望做某事
I wish to live on the moon one day.
我希望有一天在月球上生活。
 
4. help to do sth. 帮助做某事  
I often help to do some chores at home.
我在家经常帮着做家务。
 
5. hope to do sth. 希望做某事
I hope to have a good rest this weekend.
我希望这周末好好休息一下。
 
6. learn to do sth. 学会做某事  
He finally learned to play the piano with the help of the teacher.
在老师的帮助下,他最终学会了弹钢琴。
 
7. manage to do sth. 设法做成某事
They managed to escape the fire yesterday.
昨天他们设法逃脱了火灾。
 
8. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事   
Never offer to teach fish to swim. 
别在强人面前逞能。
 
9. plan to do sth. 计划做某事
He plans to travel around the world.
他计划要周游世界。
 
10. afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事(时间或金钱方面)  We can’t afford to go abroad this summer.
今年夏天我们没有足够的钱出国。
 
11. agree to do sth. 做某事
He agreed to do it at once.
他同意立刻行动。
 
12. arrange to do sth. 安排做某事
I arrange to wash clothes tomorrow morning.  
我安排好明天上午洗衣服。
 
13. ask to do sth. 要求做某事  
The boy asks to go to school by bike.
这个男孩要求骑自行车去上学。
 
14. beg to do sth. 恳求做某事
He begged not to be put into prison.
他祈求不要被关进监狱。
 
15. care to do sth. 愿意/喜欢做某事
 
16. choose to do sth. 选择做某事 

He chose to believe what she had said.
他选择相信她说的话。  
 
17. decide to do sth. 决定做某事
She has decided to travel all over the world.
她已经决定周游世界了。
 
18. demand to do sth. 要求做某事  
 
19. determine to do sth. 决心做某事
He determined to learn French.
他下定决心学习法语。
 
20. expect to do sth. 等待做某事
I am expecting to hear from you soon.
我期待着早点收到你的来信。
 
二. 只接动名词(不能接不定式)作宾语的18个常用动词
 
1. practice doing sth. 练习做某事

I practice playing the piano twice a week.
我每周练习两次弹钢琴。
 
2. consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
I consider waiting a bit longer before I give up.
我考虑放弃之前再等待一段时间。
 
3. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
I enjoy playing basketball.
我喜欢打篮球。
 
4. finish doing sth. 完成做某事
Let's finish doing the work together.
让我们一起完成工作吧。
 
5. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事


My father has given up smoking.
我爸爸已经戒烟了。
 
6. imagine doing sth. 想象做某事
I can't imagine marrying such a woman.
我不能想象娶了这样一个女人。
 
7. keep doing sth. 一直做某事
I kept studying English for 1 hour yesterday evening.
昨天晚上,我一直学了1小时英语。
 
8. put off doing sth. 推迟做某事
Sometimes students put off doing their homework until the last minute.
有时学生们会拖延到最后一分钟才做作业。
 
9. risk doing sth. 冒险做某事
To win the gamble,he risked losing 100 dollars.
为了赢这场赌局,他冒了失去100美元的风险。
 
10. suggest doing sth. 建议做某事
I suggest traveling abroad next month.
我建议下个月出国旅行。
 
11. admit doing sth. 承认做某事
He admitted making the mistake. 

他承认犯了错误。
 
12. advise doing sth. 建议做某事
He advises going to see a movie.
他建议去看电影。
 
13. allow doing sth. 允许做某事
We don't allow smoking in the classroom.
我们不允许在班里吸烟。
 
14. appreciate doing sth. 感谢做某事
We shall appreciate hearing from you again.
我们恭候佳音。
 
15. avoid doing sth. 避免做某事
Try to avoid drinking and smoking.
尽量避免喝酒和抽烟。
 
16. delay doing sth. 拖延做某事
Why have you delayed writing to him?
你为什么迟迟不给他写回信?
 
17. deny doing sth. 否认做某事
John denied signing the contract.
约翰否认签了合同。
 
18. discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事
I like to discuss doing sports with my friends.
我喜欢和我朋友讨论体育运动。
 
   以上这些少儿英语学习阶段的动词固定搭配用法,其实在儿童英语和幼儿英语学习过程中,也会有所运用,如果在幼儿英语学习期就能牢固掌握的话,那么接下来的儿童英语学习和少儿英语学习就一帆风顺了。英语语法学习不是一蹴而就的,而是凭借平时的点滴积累,才能成就日后别人的望尘莫及,所以,从小就开始慢慢积累,点滴升华吧~
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